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Title: A radiolab ele d drug tracing method to study neurotrophin-3 retention and distribution in the cochlea after nano-based local delivery
Authors: Lam, Patrick
Gunewardene, Niliksha
Ma, Yutian
Caruso, Frank
Nguyen, Trung
Flynn, Brianna
Wise, Andrew
Richardson, Rachael
Keywords: Drug delivery
Nanoparticles
Neurotrophins
Hearing loss
Inner ear
Cochlea
Protein therapy
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Lam, N. Gunewardene, Y. Ma, F. Caruso, T. Nguyen, B. Flynn, A. K. Wise, and R. Richardson. 2020. A radiolabeled drug tracing method to study neurotrophin-3 retention and distribution in the cochlea after nano-based local delivery. MethodsX: 101078.
Abstract: Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit worldwide with no approved therapeutics for treatment. Local neurotrophin delivery into the cochlea has shown great potential in protecting and repairing the sensory cells important for hearing. However, delivery of these factors into the inner ear at therapeutic levels over a sustained period of time has remained a challenge restricting clinical translation. We have developed a method to test the pharmacokinetics of neurotrophin released from porous silica particles called ‘supraparticles’ that can provide sustained release of neurotrophins to the inner ear. This report describes a radiolabeling method to examine neurotrophin retention and distribution in the cochlea. The neurotrophin was labeled with a radioactive tracer (iodine 125: 125I) and delivered into the cochlea via the supraparticle system. Gamma counts reveal drug levels and clearance in the intact cochlea, as well as accumulation in off-target organs (safety test). Autoradiography analyses using film and emulsion permit quantification and visualization of drug distribution at the cellular level. The method has a detection limit of 0.8 pg of radiolabeled neurotrophin-3 in cochlear sections exposed to film. The tracer 125I with a half-life of 59.4 days can be used to label other drugs/substances with a tyrosine residue and therefore be broadly applicable for long-term pharmacokinetic studies in other systems.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/411
ISSN: 2215-0161
Appears in Collections:Bionic Hearing Research Publications

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