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Title: The dynamic relationship between cerebellar Purkinje cell simple spikes and the spikelet number of complex spikes
Authors: Burroughs, Amelia
Wise, Andrew
Xiao, Jianqiang
Houghton, Conor
Tang, Tianyu
Suh, Colleen
Lang, Eric J
Apps, Richard
Cerminara, Nadia L
Keywords: Cerebellum
Purkinje cell
In vivo
Issue Date: Jan-2017
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Citation: Burroughs, A., A. K. Wise, J. Q. Xiao, C. Houghton, T. Y. Tang, C. Y. Suh, E. J. Lang, R. Apps, and N. L. Cerminara. 2017. The dynamic relationship between cerebellar Purkinje cell simple spikes and the spikelet number of complex spikes. Journal of Physiology-London. 595(1): 283-99.
Abstract: Purkinje cells are central to cerebellar function because they form the sole output of the cerebellar cortex. They exhibit two distinct types of action potential: simple spikes and complex spikes. It is widely accepted that interaction between these two types of impulse is central to cerebellar cortical information processing. Previous investigations of the interactions between simple spikes and complex spikes have mainly considered complex spikes as unitary events. However, complex spikes are composed of an initial large spike followed by a number of secondary components, termed spikelets. The number of spikelets within individual complex spikes is highly variable and the extent to which differences in complex spike spikelet number affects simple spike activity (and vice versa) remains poorly understood. In anaesthetized adult rats, we have found that Purkinje cells recorded from the posterior lobe vermis and hemisphere have high simple spike firing frequencies that precede complex spikes with greater numbers of spikelets. This finding was also evident in a small sample of Purkinje cells recorded from the posterior lobe hemisphere in awake cats. In addition, complex spikes with a greater number of spikelets were associated with a subsequent reduction in simple spike firing rate. We therefore suggest that one important function of spikelets is the modulation of Purkinje cell simple spike firing frequency, which has implications for controlling cerebellar cortical output and motor learning.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/275
ISSN: 0022-3751
Appears in Collections:Bionic Hearing Research Publications

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