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Title: Are long stimulus pulse durations the answer to improving spatial resolution in retinal prostheses?
Authors: Petoe, Matthew
Shivdasani, Mohit
Keywords: Retinal prostheses
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP)
Calcium imaging
Spatial resolution
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Publisher: Annals of Translational Medicine
Citation: [1] M.A. Petoe, M.N. Shivdasani, Are long stimulus pulse durations the answer to improving spatial resolution in retinal prostheses?, Ann Transl Med, 4 (2016) 434.
Abstract: Retinal prostheses can provide artificial vision to patients with degenerate retinae by electrically stimulating the remaining inner retinal neurons. The evoked perception is generally adequate for light localization, but of limited spatial resolution owing to the indiscriminate activation of multiple retinal cell types, leading to distortions in the perceived image. Here we present a perspective on a recent work by Weitz and colleagues who demonstrate a focal confinement of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) activation when using extended pulse durations in the stimulation waveform. Using real-time calcium imaging, they provide evidence that long pulse durations selectively stimulate inner retinal neurons, whilst avoiding unwanted axonal activations. The application of this stimulation technique may provide enhanced spatial resolution for retinal prosthesis users. These experiments provide a robust analysis of the effects of increasing pulse duration and introduce the potential for alternative stimulation paradigms in retinal prostheses.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/227
ISSN: 2305-5839 (Print) 2305-5839 (Linking)
Appears in Collections:Bionic Vision Research Publications

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