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Title: Learning Pitch with STDP: A Computational Model of Place and Temporal Pitch Perception Using Spiking Neural Networks
Authors: Saeedi, Nafise
Blamey, Peter
Burkitt, Anthony
Grayden, David
Issue Date: Apr-2016
Publisher: PLOS Computational Biology
Citation: Saeedi, N. E., Blamey, P. J., Burkitt, A. N., & Grayden, D. B. (2016). Learning Pitch with STDP: A Computational Model of Place and Temporal Pitch Perception Using Spiking Neural Networks. PLOS Comput Biol, 12(4), e1004860.
Series/Report no.: 12;4
Abstract: Pitch perception is important for understanding speech prosody, music perception, recognizing tones in tonal languages, and perceiving speech in noisy environments. The two principal pitch perception theories consider the place of maximum neural excitation along the auditory nerve and the temporal pattern of the auditory neurons’ action potentials (spikes) as pitch cues. This paper describes a biophysical mechanism by which fine-structure temporal information can be extracted from the spikes generated at the auditory periphery. Deriving meaningful pitch-related information from spike times requires neural structures specialized in capturing synchronous or correlated activity from amongst neural events. The emergence of such pitch-processing neural mechanisms is described through a computational model of auditory processing. Simulation results show that a correlation-based, unsupervised, spike-based form of Hebbian learning can explain the development of neural structures required for recognizing the pitch of simple and complex tones, with or without the fundamental frequency. The temporal code is robust to variations in the spectral shape of the signal and thus can explain the phenomenon of pitch constancy.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/200
Appears in Collections:Bionic Hearing Research Publications

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