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Title: Electrode Selection and Speech Understanding in Patients With Auditory Brainstem Implants
Authors: McKay, Colette
Azadpour, Mahan
Jayewardene-Aston, Deanne
O'Driscoll, Martin
El-deredy, Wael
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc
Citation: McKay, C. M., M. Azadpour, D. Jayewardene-Aston, M. O'Driscoll & W. El-Deredy (2015). Electrode Selection and Speech Understanding in Patients With Auditory Brainstem Implants. Ear and Hearing 36(4): 454-463.
Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether speech understanding in auditory brainstem implant (ABI) users who have a tumor pathology could be improved by the selection of a subset of electrodes that were appropriately pitch ranked and distinguishable. It was hypothesized that disordered pitch or spectral percepts and channel interactions may contribute significantly to the poor outcomes in most ABI users. Design: A single-subject design was used with five participants. Pitch ranking information for all electrodes in the patients’ clinic maps was obtained using a pitch ranking task and previous pitch ranking information from clinic sessions. A multidimensional scaling task was used to evaluate the stimulus space evoked by stimuli on the same set of electrodes. From this information, a subset of four to six electrodes was chosen and a new map was created, using just this subset, that the subjects took home for 1 month’s experience. Closed-set consonant and vowel perception and sentences in quiet were tested at three sessions: with the clinic map before the test map was given, after 1 month with the test map, and after an additional 2 weeks with their clinic map. Results: The results of the pitch ranking and multidimensional scaling procedures confirmed that the ABI users did not have a well-ordered set of percepts related to electrode position, thus supporting the proposal that difficulty in processing of spectral information may contribute to poor speech understanding. However, none of the subjects benefited from a map that reduced the stimulation electrode set to a smaller number of electrodes that were well ordered in place pitch. Conclusions: Although poor spectral processing may contribute to poor understanding in ABI users, it is not likely to be the sole contributor to poor outcomes.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/154
Appears in Collections:Bionic Hearing Research Publications

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