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Title: Safety and efficacy of explanting or replacing suprachoroidal electrode arrays in a feline model
Authors: Leung, Ronald
Nayagam, David
Williams, Richard
Allen, Penelope
Salinas-La Rosa, Cesar
Shivdasani, Mohit
Ayton, Lauren
Basa, Meri
Yeoh, Jonathan
Saunders, Alexia
Shepherd, Robert
Williams, Chris
Keywords: electrodes
foreign-body reaction
implanted
reoperation
visual prosthesis
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Citation: Leung, R. T., Nayagam, D. A., Williams, R. A., Allen, P. J., Rosa, S. L., Cesar, M., ... & Williams, C. E. (2015). Safety and efficacy of explanting or replacing suprachoroidal electrode arrays in a feline model. Clinical & experimental ophthalmology, 43(3), 247-258
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A key requirement for retinal prostheses is the ability for safe removal or replacement. We examined whether suprachoroidal electrode arrays can be removed or replaced after implantation. METHODS: Suprachoroidal electrode arrays were unilaterally implanted into 13 adult felines. After 1 month, arrays were surgically explanted (n = 6), replaced (n = 5) or undisturbed (n = 2). The retina was assessed periodically using fundus photography and optical coherence tomography. Three months after the initial implantation, the function of replaced or undisturbed arrays was assessed by measuring the responses of the visual cortex to retinal electrical stimulation. The histopathology of tissues surrounding the implant was examined. RESULTS: Array explantation or replacement was successful in all cases. Fundus photography showed localized disruption to the tapetum lucidum near the implant's tip in seven subjects following implantation. Although optical coherence tomography showed localized retinal changes, there were no widespread statistically significant differences in the thickness of the retinal layers or choroid. The distance between the electrodes and retina increased after device replacement but returned to control values within eight weeks (P < 0.03). Staphylomas developed near the scleral wound in five animals after device explantation. Device replacement did not alter the cortical evoked potential threshold. Histopathology showed localized outer nuclear layer thinning, tapetal disruption and pseudo-rosette formation, but the overall retinal morphology was preserved. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to remove or replace conformable medical grade silicone electrode arrays implanted suprachoroidally. The scleral wound requires careful closure to minimize the risk of staphylomas.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/153
Appears in Collections:Bionic Vision Research Publications

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