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Title: Effects of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal response characteristics in cat primary auditory cortex.
Authors: Fallon, James
Shepherd, Robert
Nayagam, David
Wise, Andrew
Heffer, Leon
Landry, Thomas
Irvine, Dexter
Keywords: temporal processing
cochlear implant
cortical plasticity
neural prosthesis
sensorineural hearing loss
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Fallon, J. B., R. K. Shepherd, D. A. X. Nayagam, A. K. Wise, L. F. Heffer, T. G. Landry and D. R. F. Irvine (2014). Effects of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal response characteristics in cat primary auditory cortex. Hearing Research 315: 1-9.
Abstract: We have previously shown that neonatal deafness of 7-13 months duration leads to loss of cochleotopy in the primary auditory cortex (AI) that can be reversed by cochlear implant use. Here we describe the effects of a similar duration of deafness and cochlear implant use on temporal processing. Specifically, we compared the temporal resolution of neurons in AI of young adult normal-hearing cats that were acutely deafened and implanted immediately prior to recording with that in three groups of neonatally deafened cats. One group of neonatally deafened cats received no chronic stimulation. The other two groups received up to 8 months of either low- or high-rate (50 or 500 pulses per second per electrode, respectively) stimulation from a clinical cochlear implant, initiated at 10 weeks of age. Deafness of 7-13 months duration had no effect on the duration of post-onset response suppression, latency, latency jitter, or the stimulus repetition rate at which units responded maximally (best repetition rate), but resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the ability of units to respond to every stimulus in a train (maximum following rate). None of the temporal response characteristics of the low-rate group differed from those in acutely deafened controls. In contrast, high-rate stimulation had diverse effects: it resulted in decreased suppression duration, longer latency and greater jitter relative to all other groups, and an increase in best repetition rate and cut-off rate relative to acutely deafened controls. The minimal effects of moderate-duration deafness on temporal processing in the present study are in contrast to its previously-reported pronounced effects on cochleotopy. Much longer periods of deafness have been reported to result in significant changes in temporal processing, in accord with the fact that duration of deafness is a major factor influencing outcome in human cochlear implantees.
URI: http://repository.bionicsinstitute.org:8080/handle/123456789/130
Appears in Collections:Bionic Hearing Research Publications

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